What is Drug Trafficking?

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) defines drug trafficking as a global illicit trade involving the cultivation, manufacture, distribution, and sale of substances which are subject to drug prohibition laws. Drug trafficking is a multi-million dollar industry. Though there are many attempts both nationally and internationally to stop the manufacturing and distribution of drugs, the demand for the product has allowed for the rapid growth in illicit drug trade. The drug market in the United States alone is one of the most profitable markets in the world.

According to the UNODC’s World Drug Report for 2011, 210 million people took illicit substances at least once in the previous year. The demand for illicit drugs will only continue to grow and due to how lucrative the market is, the tendency towards violence and corruption will continue to flourish as well. Though there are many theories on how to stop illicit drug use, from eradication to legalization, the most important action that can be taken is to stop the violence and deaths which so frequently accompany drug trafficking.

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