Annual Trafficking in Persons Report Released

The annual Trafficking in Persons (TIP) report for 2011 was published last week by the US Department of State. The TIP report is “the world’s most comprehensive resource of governmental anti-human trafficking efforts.” (CNN, June 2012) Contained in the report is an examination of countries worldwide and their efforts to meet the minimum standards as set forth by the United States to combat human trafficking. This report is brimming with in-depth information compiled from US embassies, non-governmental organizations, aid groups, and individuals around the world.

Each county is graded on a scale defined by the US Department of State. The grades include Tier 1, Tier 2, Tier 2 Watch, and Tier 3 as outlined in detail below. (Trafficking in Persons Report, 2012)

Countries such as Czech Republic, Iceland, Israel, and Nicaragua were promoted to Tier 1 grades from the previous year.

Myanmar was promoted for the first time in 11 years from Tier 3 to Tier 2 Watch due to the efforts being made to stop trafficking in the country. Recommendations for Myanmar include the country demobilizing child soldiers and focusing attention on domestic sex trafficking of women and children.  (CNN, June 2012)

Despite these promotions, there are still a handful of countries with a Tier 3 grade including Syria, Sudan, Zimbabwe, and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Syria, for example, was given this grade due to the lack of security which made it difficult to measure anti-trafficking efforts. The current unrest in Syria is putting more persons at risk and will only continue to worsen if the conflict does not resolve in the near future. (CNN, June 2012)

The statistics for 2011 are quite staggering. According to the US State Department, there are a total of 20.9 million persons in forced labor worldwide; 2.2 million in state-imposed forced labor, 4.5 million in sexual exploitation, and 14.2 million in labor exploitation. (Trafficking in Persons Report, 2012)

The annual Trafficking in Persons report is a wonderful summary of human trafficking issues and provides a close examination of each country’s efforts to combat the problem. To read the Trafficking in Persons report, please click here.

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